Bread is a pretty amazing food. It's the backbone of any sandwich, and is often used to accompany many different types of meals. How did bread come about? We at Great Harvest in Kirkwood, Montana would like to give you a short tour about the rise of bread throughout history.

The First Cooked Bread

Bread is the most widely consumed food in the world. Not only is it a great source of carbohydrates, it can be compact and portable, which explains why bread has been an integral part of our diet for thousands of years. Humans began baking bread at least 30,000 years ago. Prehistoric man had already been mixing water and grains to make cereal paste or gruel, so it didn't take a rocket scientist to figure out how to solidify this mixture by cooking it on hot stones which resulted in flatbread. Modern examples include Middle Eastern pita, Indian naan and Central American tortillas.

From Flatbread to Poofbread

The secret to getting the ancient flatbread into light, poofy bread is leavening. It is what makes bread rise into a light and fluffy loaf. The most common leavening for bread is yeast. Yeast floats around in the air like pollen. The first leavened bread was most likely the accidental result of some passing yeast floating down into someone's bowl of grain paste.

Refined Flour

The earliest bread grains would have been ground with rocks. This would have resulted in coarse, whole grain bread such as the dark, rustic breads from Europe, like pumpernickel. This process was refined by the Mesopotamians around 800 B.C. They used two huge, flat, circular stones, stacked atop each other which were then continuously rotated by draft animals or slaves to grind the grain. This created smooth, finely ground flour that quickly became prized as a status symbol.

For the Best Bread in Kirkwood

Progress over the eons has led us to what was believed to be the ideal loaf of bread: white, ultra-fluffy and pre-cut into even slices. But modern science has uncovered the nutritional benefits of whole grains, and it turns out, more people prefer the texture and nutty taste of a rustic loaf. This is where Great Harvest comes into the scenario. We make our whole grain breads fresh daily and would like you to drop by or give us a call at (314) 821-1848 to see what we have in store for you today.